7 disease that are common in young adults

Youth is the time of our life when the last thing that troubles our young mind is health and disease. Although it’s true that we shouldn’t worry about certain conditions that come only with age, and that the recovery ability of our body alongside with immune system are quite strong, we are not totally bulletproof. In fact there are some disease and conditions relevant to the young adults – some of them you wouldn’t even think of. Here is a list of those that are more prevalent in young people.

1. Allergies

An allergy reaction is your immune system’s response to a certain substance. Your body thinks that this substance can pose threat for you and start to turn on defensive mechanisms. Sometimes they are a pure overkill and can lead to quite harsh irritating symptoms, some of which can actually be lethal.
Allergies vary in their reactions. Some of them can be strong and dangerous, such as food/drug allergies and bee stings. But others are mild, for example seasonal allergies which are caused mostly by environmental factors. These factors include dust, pollen, weather conditions, and etc.
Allergies are more prominent in respiratory and skin reactions and in some severe cases can even affect your heart and lungs. Some of the reactions on strong allergens like bee sting or medications can lead to the acute anaphylaxis and if that person won’t get immediate help – to death.

2. Arthritis

Despite the common belief you don’t have to be old to get Arthritis. Today 300 000 children in U.S. suffer from various forms of arthritis and/or rheumatic disease. 8.5 million young people between 18 and 40 also have it and even more are at risk of getting it.
There are more than 100 different types of arthritis – the cause of most types is unknown. Scientists believe there are three major factors involved in arthritis. These include:
Arthritis has more than 100 different forms and their cause remain a mystery for scientists. They can only speculate on the reasons behind them, some of which include genetic factors, some events during your life (like injuries and traumas) and lifestyle choices.

arthritis-rheumatic-hand

3. Asthma

It’s a disease that affects your respiratory system. When asthma attack is strikes, the muscles around the airways contract and shrink, which cause the lining inside the airways to swell and become clogged with mucous. As you can tell all of that makes it a real struggle to breathe.
Asthma is quite a big deal for adolescents and young adults. Poorly controlled asthma can seriously limit participation in physical and social activities. Well-controlled asthma, properly treated, need not be limiting in the vast majority of cases.
Unfortunately, asthma is incurable, but you can control its symptoms. Since asthma often changes over time, it’s important that you work with your doctor to design a step-by-step plan for living with your asthma and preventing the attacks.

4. Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin – a hormone that is necessary to transform sugar, starches, and other food into energy needed for our body to function properly. The cause of the disease yet to be discovered, but some of them are already determined: genetics and environmental factors such as obesity and lack of exercise appear to play roles.
There are 2 common types of diabetes:
– Type 1. An autoimmune disease in which the body does not produce any insulin, most often occurring in children and young adults. People with type 1 diabetes must take daily insulin injections to stay alive. Type 1 diabetes accounts for five to 10% of all cases.
– Type 2. A metabolic disorder resulting from the body’s inability to make enough, or properly use, insulin. It is the most common form of the disease. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90-95% of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is nearing epidemic proportions, due to an increased number of older Americans, and a greater prevalence of obesity and sedentary lifestyles.

diabetes

5. Hearing loss related to music players

Nobody usually pays attention to that, until they start to miss some of the words people say to them or hear high-pitched ringing noise from time to time. We just described the most common symptoms of hearing loss and tinnitus – 2 things that accompany constant listening to high-volume sounds through the headphones or even dynamics. Young people are especially vulnerable to hearing loss due to their excessive use of listening at overly high volumes.

6. Hypertension aka high blood pressure

For the majority of young adults high blood pressure is not a high priority on a list of their concerns. But the results from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study suggest that it would be wise to pay more attention. According to this research about 1 in 5 young adults between the ages of 24 and 32 had high blood pressure, also referred to as hypertension.
The best thing you can do to avoid hypertension is to develop or maintain healthy behaviors, which include keeping weight under control, eating a healthy diet that is low in saturated fat and salt, getting an hour of exercise at least five days a week, sleeping well, avoiding substance abuse and minimizing stress can help.

7. Obesity

Obesity is an excessive accumulation of body fat such that individuals are over 20% heavier than their ideal body weight. Obesity is a common eating disorder associated with adolescence, but can be as well related to the adults. “Overweight” is defined as having any excess weight outside of the ideal range. Although children have fewer weight-related health problems than adults, overweight and obese children are at high risk of becoming overweight teenagers and adults. Overweight people of all ages are prone to a number of health problems.

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