7 common diseases caused by nutritional mistakes

In the constant race for the perfect body it’s easy to get to the point where we would do whatever it takes to be slim and fit. Sometimes it means we do ill-judged things like deprive ourselves from essential nutrients or refusing to eat completely. But constantly doing so can result in far worse things than even being slightly overweight. Malnutrition which states for the condition when our body is under nourished can cause a laundry list of diseases and other dangerous conditions which can even be lethal. Here is the list of the most common ones, which nutrition mistakes cause them and what they can do to your body.

1. Marasmus

The first most common disease caused by malnutrition is marasmus that occurs when the person’s diet lack in both proteins and enough calories. The most obvious result of this condition is the amount of weight that is less than 80% of average body weight. Marasmus is mostly common among the infants under 1 year of age in third world countries like those of Africa.
Other symptoms of this disease also include dry and saggy skin, edema, and loss of the adipose tissue, particularly around the thighs and glutes. In adults this condition can cause constant irritation and strong hunger. People who suffer from marasmus tend to be more exposed to infectious diseases and have weaker immune system in general. If remained untreated this condition can lead to death.

2. Kwashiorkor

Kwashiorkor is another disease that accompanies lack of proteins and calories. In the light of recent studies it was discovered that deficiency of certain essential vitamins and minerals can also lead to this condition.
The most prominent symptoms of kwashiorkor may include dermatitis and skin pigmentation, thinning of hair, los of teeth, feet edema, upset stomach and enlarged liver. Like in the case of marasmus, this condition can cause person to be always irritated and in some cases can be a perquisite to anorexia. Weak immunity system make person suffering from Kwashiorkor more susceptible to infections.


3. Anemia

Anemia is one of the most common conditions that arise from not eating enough, and is usually characterized by a lack and deficiency of iron and vitamin B12 in the body.
The symptoms of anemia include shortness of breath, fatigue, constant tiredness and lethargy. People with anemia find it hard to climb a small flight of stairs, let alone exercising.

4. Goiter

Goiter is a disease caused by poor nutrition – mostly a deficiency in iodine. The typical symptoms of goiter display a swelling of the thyroid gland which can be very visibly seen as a large swelling in the neck. Sometimes, this swelling can be large enough to cause a compression in the windpipe making it hard to breathe. This condition is more prevalent in nations with soils lacking in iodine or where food supplements available are not particularly iodized. The treatment of this severe effect of malnutrition condition typically depends on the size of the swelling posing to be a goiter. If the size of the goiter is relatively smaller and the major cause behind it is limited to a slight deficiency in iodine, then the condition can be treatment by iodine supplements. However, if the swelling is too large and it is compressing the windpipe, then surgical procedure may be needed.
Besides the mentioned above swelling in the thyroid gland, other typical symptoms of this condition include shortness of breath, difficulty in breathing, lethargy, susceptibility to cold, weakness and a low metabolic rate.

5. Pellagra

Deficiency in niacin and the tryptophan amino acids (which is a precursor of niacin) in some cases can lead to the Pellagra disease with symptoms, such as diarrhea, dementia, accompanied by serious mental states, such as depression, delusion, insomnia and memory loss; and dermatitis, which manifests in the form of red scaly lesions.


6. Scurvy

The deficiency in Vitamin C, which creates collagen that is needed to hold our cells together, can cause a malnutrition disease called Scurvy. It puts our bones, ligaments, tendons and even blood vessels at risk of breakage.
The main symptoms of scurvy are quite painful – they include bad blood coagulability which often results in easy bruises and bleeding. Others may include hair and teeth loss, painful swelling of the joints

7. Rickets

Rickets is a malnutrition disease which is caused due to a deficiency in Vitamin D, calcium or phosphorous. If your blood stream lacks the minerals calcium or phosphorous, your body will extract these out of your bones rendering them weak. Similarly, it is not good to lack Vitamin D either, as if your body lacks this vitamin, it will not be able to absorb calcium and phosphorous to their entirety.
The symptoms of the malnutrition disease of rickets primarily revolve around skeletal deformities, pain in the bones, fragile bones, weak muscles and stunted growth.

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